Bird Watching in El Salvador
There are 540 species of birds that have been recorded in El Salvador. The most spectacular of them include the Highland Guan, the White-breasted Hawk, the Bare-throated Tiger-Heron, the Muscovy duck and the Great Curassow amongst others.
We have several types of habitats here including cloud forests in the biggest mountains; dry forests in some valleys, mainly in the northeastern part of the country; tropical mountain forests in the middle mountains; mangroves; swamps and some coastal forest.
Our thanks to Ricardo Ibarra Portillo for his information and photographs about birding in El Salvador.
Among the most important nesting records are the biggest nesting colony in the country of the Boat-billed heron, located in Barra de Santiago, the biggest nesting colony in the country of Black skimmers in Isla de San Sebastian, , Usulutan; and the biggest nesting colony of Wilsons plovers located in Bahia de Jiquilisco, Usulutan.
There are a two important wetland sites due to the number of birds at a single location; Cerron Grande, located in Chalatenango and Cuscatlan, the countries premier wetland location for ducks and water birds; Laguna El Jocotal, in San Miguel, contains the widest range of water birds in El Salvador, including the Ruddy and Yellow-breasted crakes, Limpkin and the American White pelican.
A recent study of the Salvadorian birds has identified the key habitats that many of these birds rely on. Among the most important sites for conservation are:
- Montecristo National Park, Santa Ana
- El Imposible National Park, Ahuachapan
- San Diego y La Barra National Park, Santa Ana
- Bahia de Jiquilisco, Usulutan
- Nancuchiname, Usulutan
- Laguna El Jocotal, San Miguel
- Barra de Santiago, Ahuachapan
- Additionally there are at least eighteen sites located along the coast composed of mangroves, swamps, river forests and sandy plains.