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Thriving Snow leopard population discovered in Afghanistan

13/07/2011 23:39:48
world/Asia/Asia_july_10/snow_leopard_wcs

This is a snow leopard captured by remote camera in Afghanistan. A team of researchers from the Wildlife Conservation Society have discovered a surprisingly healthy population of these elusive big cats. Credit WCS

Snow leopards in Afghanistan
July 2011. The Wildlife Conservation Society has discovered a surprisingly healthy population of rare snow leopards living in the mountainous reaches of north-eastern Afghanistan's Wakhan Corridor, according to a new study.
The discovery gives hope to the world's most elusive big cat, which calls home to some of the world's tallest mountains. Between 4,500 and 7,500 snow leopards remain in the wild scattered across a dozen countries in Central Asia.

16 camera traps
WCS-trained community rangers used camera traps to document the presence of snow leopards at 16 different locations across a wide landscape. The images represent the first camera trap records of snow leopards in Afghanistan. WCS has been conserving wildlife and improving local livelihoods in the region since 2006 with support from the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID).


"This is a wonderful discovery - it shows that there is real hope for snow leopards in Afghanistan," said Peter Zahler, WCS Deputy Director for Asia Programs. "Now our goal is to ensure that these magnificent animals have a secure future as a key part of Afghanistan's natural heritage."

Threats
According to the study, snow leopards remain threatened in the region. Poaching for their pelts, persecution by shepherds, and the capture of live animals for the illegal pet trade have all been documented in the Wakhan Corridor. In response, WCS has developed a set of conservation initiatives to protect snow leopards. These include partnering with local communities, training of rangers, and education and outreach efforts.

The study was undertaken by WCS conservationists Anthony Simms, Zalmai Moheb, Salahudin, Hussain Ali, Inayat Ali and Timothy Wood.

Anthony Simms, lead author and the project's Technical Advisor, said, "By developing a community-led management approach, we believe snow leopards will be conserved in Afghanistan over the long term."

59 rangers trained - Guarding snow leopards, Ibex and Marco Polo sheep
WCS-led initiatives are already paying off. Conservation education is now occurring in every school in the Wakhan region. Fifty-nine rangers have been trained to date. They monitor not only snow leopards but other species including Marco Polo sheep and ibex while also enforcing laws against poaching. WCS has also initiated the construction of predator-proof livestock corrals and a livestock insurance program that compensates shepherds, though initial WCS research shows that surprisingly few livestock fall to predators in the region.

In Afghanistan, USAID has provided support to WCS to work in more than 55 communities across the country and is training local people to monitor and sustainably manage their wildlife and other resources. One of the many outputs of this project was the creation of Afghanistan's first national park - Band-e-Amir - which is now co-managed by the government and a committee consisting of all 14 communities living around the park.

Snow leopards have declined by as much as 20 percent over the past 16 years and are considered endangered by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).

WCS is a world leader in the care and conservation of snow leopards. WCS's Bronx Zoo became the first zoo in the Western Hemisphere to exhibit these rare spotted cats in 1903. In the past three decades, nearly 80 cubs have been born in the Bronx and have been sent to live at 30 zoos in the U.S. and eight countries in Europe, Asia, Australia, and North America.

The study appears in the June 29th issue of the Journal of Environmental Studies

Read the comments about this article and leave your own comment

lol

i totally agree their are some messed up people in this world:!

Posted by: CallalilyBlondie | 08 Sep 2011 16:28:25

Awesome news

This is really awesome news for SL lovers. But i am surprised to learn about capture of live animals for illegal pet trade. This sort of activities should be banned/ controlled totally in order to conserve this prismatic species...

Posted by: Suraj Upadhaya | 20 Jul 2011 17:56:55

Good news

How super - it is so wonderful to have some good news for once. I only hope that the political situation in Afghanistan will not lead to persecution of the animals, as it is so difficult to monitor and protect them.

Posted by: Andrea Polden | 16 Jul 2011 23:16:07

Super news!!!!

Fantastic news realle make me feel happy!!!
But shouldn't we be giving less informations on where the hot spot is to people like poachers....

Posted by: Mirko Macinai | 16 Jul 2011 00:26:39

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