Researchers use GPS tracking to monitor crab behaviour22/11/2012 17:22:15 Crabs tracked by GPS
November 2012. German researchers used GPS satellites to monitor the long-term behaviour of land crab migration on Christmas Island. In cooperation with colleagues from the Zoological Institute at the University of Greifswald, scientists from the Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology in Jena, Germany, used a GPS-based telemetric system to analyse movements of freely roaming robber crabs, which is the first large-scale study of any arthropod using GPS technology to monitor behaviour.
This analysis focused on the coconut crab, a terrestrial crustacean living on tropical islands in the Indo-Pacific. Weighing up to 4 kg, the giant robber crab is the world's largest land-living arthropod. Its lifespan can reach 60 years. The study was carried out on Christmas Island in the Indian Ocean which has a largely undisturbed population of about several hundreds of thousands coconut crabs.
55 crabs tracked
The GPS tags were custom-made by e-obs GmbH (digital telemetry) in Munich. The devices can be programmed in such a way that they record GPS positions at intervals of one hour over a period of several months. The tag also contains an accelerometer to record movements in different (x, y, or z) directions and thus the activity of the crabs. Recorded data were downloaded by the scientists once a week via a radio link within a range of about 200 meters, so that the crabs were not disturbed. The devices send out radio impulses (pingers) in order to enable localization of the crabs via wireless connection using a high-sensitivity directional antenna. Similar devices were recently used in a study to monitor bird migration. The development of further miniaturized electronic devices and batteries should help to establish this method successfully for the study of even smaller animal species in the future.